Advantages and Disadvantages of Mammography Screening
Mammography screening is a program with regular intervals done for the purpose of detecting early breast cancer cases so as to reduce the mortality rate due to this cancer and also improve the therapeutic options available while noting that it is also accompanied with some side effects. As of now, it is the only method that has been proved to meet the above needs. Starting with the advantages, the following paragraphs will expound on 3 of the benefits of mammography screening and 3 of its shortcomings.
To begin with, the first advantage of this screening is that it reduces the mortality rate although it will be well evaluated years from now since it is hard to assess it for this one type of cancer when all cancers kill during the advanced stages. Estimated to be over 35%, mortality reduction for women in this program is higher than 15% to 30% of all receiving medical attention, with 70% outside the program. read more now about mammogram near me
The other advantage of mammography screening is the improvement of the probability of early disease treatment through early detection which leads to reduced mastectomies number, reduced chemotherapy, and better results in the case of breast conservation.
Lastly, there has been an improvement on the quality assurance of the diagnostic chain seeing that proper infrastructure is being implemented to address a problem that arose where detection happened with no subsequent assessments and diagnosis hence enhancing more collaboration and cooperation between disciplines. read more now
On the cons of this program, it is worth noting that taking a women to the risks of radiation and other risks where, while using the mamografia digital methods , a dosage of 4mGy is offered per breast, which decrease with age since the women who are past 40 years of age are affected less and have a very little chance of dying due to breast cancer, compared to the rest.
The second shortcoming of this program is that there is a risk of a false alarm, where, like all medical tests, mammography screening may sense abnormalities which ask for further assessment and still turn out to be benign, yet only few women are recalled to take the screen again meaning that they may take the false alarm with them as the results.
Lastly, there the risk of over diagnosis whereby some additional cancers detected may not have come to affect the person if the screening was not done and detecting them does not reduce death rates and this can be proved by the fact that a screened population of the same composition and age tend to have more breast cancers than the unscreened population with the same composition and age.
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